Local information

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This section will provide you with everything you need to know about Monaco, from which currency to bring with you to the number you should dial in an emergency.

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General information

Key facts

Area: 2 sq km (0.8 sq miles). Monaco is the second smallest country in the world, after Vatican City. Three miles long by one-half miles wide (about the size of New York's Central Park).

Population: 38,961 (2018)

Population density:15,250 per sq km.

Capital: Monaco.

Government: Constitutional monarchy.

Head of state: Prince Albert II since 2005.

Head of government: Minister of State Serge Telle, since 2016.

Monaco or Monte-Carlo?: Monaco is the name of the country, while Monte-Carlo is a district within Monaco.


The official language of Monaco is French, but there are several languages spoken, including Monégasque (the national language of the Monégasque people), English, Italian and Occitan.


The emergency services in Monaco: the numbers to call for fire, police and ambulance, emergency doctors and hospitals and after hours pharmacies.

Service Telephone
Police 17 | +377 93 15 30 15
Fire, Accident & Emergency   (Sapeurs Pompiers) 18 | +377 93 30 19 45
SOS - all services 112

All two and three digit emergency numbers can be reached from pay phones, without the use of a phone card or money.

For medical emergencies:
Centre Hospitalier Princesse Grace. Address: Avenue Pasteur, 98012 Monaco
Emergency Tel: +377 97 98 97 69

In the event of an emergency, please notify a member of the Alphega Pharmacy Convention team.


Monaco now uses the Euro but before 2002, Monaco minted its own coins, the Monégasque Franc.

All major credit cards are accepted in Monaco.

Traveler's cheques should be exchanged at banks or exchange offices, as very few businesses will accept them.

You can change money at your hotel or at the nearest banks. Bank hours are 09:00 to 12:00 and 14:00 to 16:00.

Banks are closed on weekends and national holidays except for "Credit Foncier de Monaco" near the Casino, which is open daily for 12:00 to 23:00 including Sundays and holidays.

ATM machines can be found near to the convention venue and all hotels, as follows:

Grimaldi Forum:

There is an ATM in the main hall, just in front of the Alphega Pharmacy European Convention 2017 welcome desk.

Fairmont Monte Carlo Hotel:

There is an ATM in the hotel lobby.

Monte Carlo Bay Hotel:

There is an ATM inside the hotel, within the casino.

Le Méridien Beach Plaza:

The nearest ATM is in the shopping centre below the hotel.

Local time

Monaco's is in the Central European Time (CET) Zone, the same as neighbours, France and Italy.

Power and electricity

In Monaco the standard voltage is 230V. The standard frequency is 50Hz.

The power sockets that are used are 2-pin, of type E/F.

Please remember to bring an adaptor for your electrical equipment if appropriate.

Tipping and etiquette


A service charge is included on the bill in most restaurants and bars in Monaco, so it is not necessary to tip. However, tips will be gladly accepted where the waiter did something special for you or went out of their way to help you.

Porters and Valets should be tipped.  A €5 bank note is the generally accepted minimum tip.

Taxi drivers are all self-employed, and your fare goes directly to them. A tip is therefore not necessary, but the decision to tip is up to the discretion of the individual.


Monaco has a very similar social etiquette to France. Being in public in minimal clothing, such as beach attire or bare feet is frowned upon and anyone doing so is likely to be asked to cover up. Jackets and ties must be worn in casinos.


Taxis cannot be hailed in the street, but must be taken from taxi ranks, which have a phone if there is no taxi waiting. (+377 93 15 01 01)

The main taxi rank is at Avenue de Monte Carlo behind the casino, with other important taxi ranks at Beaumarchais Square, near the Hermitage Hotel and the train station.

Taxi drivers are all self-employed, and therefore do not require a tip, unless you wish to do so.


Public transport

Due to its size, Monaco is easy to get around. With a decent map, energetic walkers could see all the main attractions by foot in one day, although it must be remembered that the city is not flat and is quite hilly.

Public transport in Monaco is reasonably priced and easy to use.  Although there is no metro or tram in Monaco, there are excellent bus links with the state bus company, Compagnie des Autobus Monaco (T: 9770 2222; www.cam.mc), which operates the city's five routes, numbered 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6.

You can buy tickets at some bus stops where ticket machines are available or on board the bus. A single journey costs €2, a 24 hour pass costs €5.50 Euros and a 6 day pass is €11.

Bus stops offer live information on the location of the bus and how long it will be until it arrives.

There are also seven public escalators and elevators (all free) that help negotiate the steep slopes of the city.

Tourist train (Azur Express)

These little trains in the national Monégasque colors make daily journeys with commentary in English, Italian, German and French.

During the trip you will discover the Monaco Port, Monte Carlo and its Palaces, the famous Casino and its gardens, before returning to the Old Town with its City Hall and finally the magnificent Prince's Palace.

For more information, call:

Tel: (+377) 92 05 64 38 
Fax: (+377) 92 05 64 38


The main shopping area is near the Place du Casino where there are luxury fashion boutiques and jewellery stores.

On the Boulevard des Moulins, there are more shops with slightly lower pricing.

Shopping hours are from 09:00 to 12:00 and from 14:00 to 19:00 daily, except on Sundays.

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Things to do and see in Monaco